shum

Archaeological remains of the shum laka

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This is the most prominent site in the Laka Valley of northwest Cameroon. Located approximately 15 kilometers from the town of Bamenda, it resides on the inner wall of the Bafochu Mbu caldera. The rock shelter of Shum Laka, situated in the Grassfields of northwestern Cameroon, was occupied during the later Pleistocene and Holocene. Plant remains reveal that there were no drastic changes in the immediate environment of the shelter between 30,000 and 10,000 bp.

The industry is microlithic during this entire period. Quartz was deliberately chosen as the preferred raw material and there were no changes in technology or raw material usage over time. A comparison with similar sites in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo reveals that the microlithic quartz tradition was apparently appropriate for the exploitation of a wide variety of environmental settings.

This flexibility may represent an adequate technological response to the environmental changes in Central Africa at the end of the Pleistocene.

This site is under the shelter of a huge rock of 1200 sq m lies close to Bamenda. An archaeological heritage site has remnants of typical forest land, where skeletal remnants of men living thousands of years ago were unearthed. Belonging to the Community of Baforchu, this site gives a view of how mankind evolved in this part of the world.

The age of the engravings has proven difficult to determine. Radiometric dating has produced a range of estimates, dating various carvings to between 300 and 3000 years of age. The petroglyph site was discovered in 1933 by a French researcher named Buisson.

In the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the calcareous marble on which the engravings stand has been extracted for use at nearby cement and marble factories. This activity endangers the engravings, which received provisional protection when the site was included in the Cultural category of the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List, on April 18th, 2006

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  • Vacation Style Holiday Type
    Discovery, Jungle, Short Breaks, Trekking
  • Activity Level Challenging
    5/8
  • Group Size Medium Group
All about the Archaeological remains of the shum laka.

The rockshelter itself at Shum Laka is approximately 50 meters wide at its greatest point and 20 meters deep. Stratigraphic dating of surface and near surface deposits support occupations as early as 30,000 BP. Geomorphological analysis determined that the rockshelter had been subjected to alluvial depositional events during the Holocene, but archaeological deposits remained mostly intact and in situ.

Fluvial erosional processes at the site were determined to have had their greatest impact laterally, and thus not damaged contextual integrity between cultural occupations. The importance of geoarchaeological investigations conducted at Shum Laka includes the construction of a reliable cultural chronology of the area, and an emphasis on the need to critically evaluate other rock shelter sites in the region.

The Metche Falls are considered as a place of sacrifice to remove the curse and lament the dead according to local beliefs. On the ground, at the entrance to the site, there is salt, coins, palm oil and even meal left there as offering

The tour package inclusions and exclusions at a glance
What is included in this tour?Items that are included in the cost of tour price.
  • All accommodation including tea houses en route
  • All transportation including taxis and coaches
  • Flights to Yaounde if booked.
  • Tour and trekking guide for entire journey
  1. Day 1 Babungo Museum

    Once the most important ironwork center in Cameroon, objects from the rich cultural and artistic heritage of Babungo are preserved in this museum. The art objects are clear indications of the various aspects of social life and the artistic heritage of the kingdom. Although a whole range of objects was not available for preservation, the remainings still talk of the rich tradition and heritage of the Babungos.

  2. Day 2 Musa Heritage Gallery

    Named in the memory of Cameroonian artists Daniel and his son John Musa, this heritage gallery preserves works of the artists and then spreads further to cover the arts and crafts of Cameroons westerns Grassfields. Over 400 diverse and varied objects are collected and preserved in the museum. Overnight at the hotel.

  3. Day 3 Archeological Remains of Shum Laka

    This site is under the shelter of a huge rock of 1200 sq m lies close to Bamenda. An archeological heritage site has remnants of typical forest land, where skeletal remnants of men living thousands of years ago were unearthed. Belonging to the Community of Baforchu, this site gives a view of how mankind evolved in this part of the world. Overnight at the hotel.

  4. Day 4 Mankon Museum

    The cultural and artistic production of the Kingdom of Mankon of the high plateaux of Western Cameroon or the Grassland is preserved in this museum. The artifacts and objects demonstrated speak volumes about the culture of the kingdom and how it has contributed to the culture of the country. The objects speak a lot about their users and their usage. Night at hotel.

  5. Day 5 Museum of Bandjoun

    Bandjoun was one of the important centers of artistic creation and tradition in the Cameroonian Grassland and the museum exhibits over a hundred important objects depicting this cultural heritage. Rare and wonderful remnants symbolizing African art can be seen in the museum. Overnight at the Hotel

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